Social Sciences

On 8 settembre 2020, in Senza categoria, by iPharma

DIOTIMA is a civil nonprofit group that focuses on gender equality issues and participates actively in social and political actions each in Greece and abroad. Contact with DIOTIMA members was established personally in December 2008 via April 2009. These elements—lack of solid footing by way of the legal standing and being employed in casual economy—push immigrant women into subservient positions and undoubtedly have an effect on immigrant battered women’s decision to depart their batterers. Respondents within the 2009 research strongly agreed that the state of affairs of immigrant Albanian battered women compared to battered Greek women was dismal. Six interviews were performed with lawyers, 5 with shelter suppliers, and 19 interviews have been accomplished with varied NGOs members and governmental officers.

Violence Towards Women

191 In February 2006, the household of MK told the press that that they had been topic to continued harassment by her former associate, EG, from whom she had separated a year beforehand, however had found it unimaginable to call for the police and ask for help. On 25 February, he came to the house and attacked MK, and members of her household, threatening to kill everyone in the home unless MK agreed to marry him. Eventually the police had been referred to as, and EG was arrested for intentional hurt, threats and coercion to cohabit, “Një vit pas divorcit, kërkon të rimartohet”, Metropol; Ngjarja ka ndodhur në një fshat të Kolonjës, Shekulli, 26 February 2006. 189 In earlier versions of the draft regulation, women have been specifically mentioned in Article 1. 184 Article 7 – Age for marriage, Marriage may be concluded between a man and a girl who are 18 years or older. The courtroom in the location the place the wedding is to be concluded may, for adequate reasons, enable marriage previous to this age. [These causes usually are not specified, but are taken to incorporate, for example, being pregnant, the place marriage may be allowed.] Article eight – The consent of the spouses, Marriage is concluded in entrance of the civil registration workplace clerk, upon the free consent of the longer term spouses; such marriages could also be rendered null and void by Articles 39 and 33 respectively.

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Women Who Kill

Article 20 only allows mother and father to oppose a wedding, for a restricted variety of reasons offered by legislation, see footnote 185. 166 Vera Qevani from Tirana killed her partner Gezim Bajrami with rat poison in November 2004. She was arrested and charged in April 2005, after her husband’s relations requested for an investigation. In proceedings she alleged that he drank and continuously beat her and their two kids, aged 6 and 9. They had been living collectively in her flat for 15 years, and although she had tried to get him to leave the flat, he wouldn’t go. At the tip of June 2005 Tirana District Court sentenced her to eight years’ imprisonment, Gazeta Shiptare, “Pastruesja pranon para hetuesve vrasjen e bashkëshortit pasi pinte shpesh dhe grindeshin”, 21 April 2005; Koha Jonë, “Helmoi Burrin, Dënohet 8 Vite Burg”, 1 July 2005. 164 In 2001, half of the 36 women imprisoned had been convicted of killing their husband, spouse or ex-spouse; a slight majority originated from the north; four had been Roma, Instituti Politikave të Zbatura per Gjinine, Profile të grave të dënuara , 2001.

Albanian Interior Minister Sander Lleshaj mentioned in September that the return of the Albanian adults would face authorized challenges as a result of “they’re considered the shedding facet of an armed battle.” He stated the government was on observe, although, to convey home 28 youngsters. Floresha Rasha will face investigation to determine if she was involved in any terrorist assaults during her seven years in Syria, according to the Albanian Special Anti-Corruption Prosecution. The four kids, nevertheless, don’t have any criminal liability beneath Albanian legislation because of their age. Roughly 13,500 foreign women and children are among about 70,000 IS households held by the Kurdish-led, U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces in northeastern Syria, according to a report in April by the Crisis Group. Researchers in Albania say a minimum of 70 members of the group maintain Albanian citizenship. “Although modest in size, this switch signals Albania’s shift toward a proactive approach for the repatriation of its residents, particularly children and girls,” Adrian Shtuni, a Washington-based security and radicalization professional, advised VOA.

Nowhere To Go: Pandemic Inflames Albania’s Scourge Of Home Abuse

Twelve-yr-old Yussef has never been to school, and though illiterate, he can communicate English completely. At just seven, Gjonna understands little of why her household lives because it does. Work shall be done step by step to integrate them into the social structures, primarily based on the opinion that shall be given by doctors and psychologists,” Rama added.

Until 1997, no migration coverage had been carried out besides the deportation of illegal immigrants. However, as massive deportations didn’t stop the flow of irregular migration into Greece, the Greek authorities enacted several regularization insurance policies in 1998, 2001 and 2005. The first regularization program was harshly criticized for bureaucratic delays, the excessive burdens placed on applicants, and preserving the arbitrary energy of employers over immigrant staff who applied for legalization . In the late Eighties, Greece became a popular vacation spot nation for immigrants. The liberalization and unraveling of the communist regimes in the international locations of Eastern Europe and former Soviet Union led to an unprecedented inflow of immigrants to Greece and several other other Southern European international locations. Between the years 1991 and 2001, “the population of Greece elevated by 7%, whereas the immigrant population—each legal and unlawful —more than tripled, to account for 7.three% of the complete population in 2001” (, p. eighty one). Research seeking to reply this question focuses on the nation’s massive informal economy and its segmentation into hundreds of small, oftentimes household run companies which are in need of low cost labor .

Other elements include the seasonal nature of labor in lots of sectors of the economy, corresponding to agriculture, construction and tourism; and the unwillingness of Greek residents to man these labor intensive, unskilled, badly paid and low-status jobs. 207 This had developed from a TV-telephone in programme on violence in the family, organised in conjunction with the Albanian Centre for Population and Development. 196 Other relevant women’s NGOs embody Forumi i Pavarur i Gruas, Women’s Independent Forum; The Albanian Centre for Population and Development . The Kёshilli Kombёtar i Gruas Shqiptare, comprises some 38 networks and coalitions of girls’s groups and organizations. 192 In this context, Amnesty International notes the absence of household and juvenile courts throughout the Albanian judicial system.

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According to activists, many ladies select to secretly share their struggling over the hotlines rather than go to a court docket, where protection orders offer little assist to those that haven’t got the financial means to discover a new residence. And yet, nearly half of those surveyed in Albania consider “a lady ought to tolerate some violence to maintain her household collectively”, the report found, speaking to the taboo that stops many from looking for help.

Overall, these research focus on how societies assemble and reinforce roles for female and male immigrants and how immigrant women reconcile the differences in their roles between the origin society and host country. For instance, Baluja’s research discovered that the gender roles of Bangladeshi immigrants change significantly after migration . Immigrant families, on the one hand, stress conventional gender expectations such as female childcare providers and male as family breadwinners. However, on the other hand, these feminine immigrants train extra freedom of movement with out males than do their counterparts in Bangladesh. Thus, within the receiving country, immigrant women can doubtlessly alleviate a number of the burdens related to their own culture’s traditional gender roles. The vacationer business, the place a lot of them were employed, has sustained a hit, but was quicker to recuperate compared to the development trade. In Michail’s ethnographic examine one female respondent mentioned that “very few women handle to earn as a lot as earlier than and these are normally envied by others” (, p. 272).

However, there’s indication that immigrant women’s income remained more secure than that of men. In fact, some women became the main breadwinner for their households, which is in contrast to conventional values , and have been capable of remain in Greece while their husband returned to Albania . The Greek government had been caught unprepared to deal with the massive migration phenomenon legally, politically and socially .

One female respondent was black, however had resided in Greece for over twenty years. Migrant women’s vulnerability to IPV could be seen through the lens of gender and constructed gender roles that exist within the host country and country of origin. A variety of research on gender roles have emerged within the migration literature.

148 Article 7 , Model Strategies and Practical Measures; CoE CoM Rec 5, Article 39, “make provisions to make sure that legal proceedings may be initiated by the general public prosecutor”. AI notes that in some states, laws have been handed which fail to take the woman’s view into account, and will probably violate their rights. 132 Dashamir Kore (op.cit), found that in 15 family violence instances in 2001, and in 16 in 2002, defendants have been additionally charged with the unlicensed possession of firearms or weapons with blades. 128 See Henrik Ligori, “Theoretical and sensible points related to domestic violence”, Trajtesa Juridike dhe Sociale për Mbrojtjen nga Dhuna në Familje, Tirana 2005, UNICEF, pp. sixty five-76. In such instances proof offered to the court by social staff and psychologists over the past three years has reportedly had a optimistic effect on selections.


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